- ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
- A SCSI software interface developed by Adaptec, Inc for sending
commands to SCSI host adapters. Provides an insulating layer so that peripheral device
designers do not have to deal with differences in SCSI host adapters. Refer to CAM, another SCSI software interface.
- Asynchronous (ASYNC) transfer
- A method of transferring data that requires that the bus wait for a
REQ-ACK handshake for each byte of data. This results in a maximum data transfer rate of 3
MBytes/second that is decreased substantially by even small increases in cable length. All
SCSI bus negotiations, even on a synchronous SCSI bus, are carried on asynchronously. On a
synchronous SCSI bus, only actual data transfers are accomplished synchronously.
- The single most critical item in the installation of a successful,
high-reliability, maximum throughput SCSI system. The longer the cables and the faster the
data throughput, the more critical cables become. Internal SCSI cables are usually
unshielded ribbon cables and external cables are usually round, shielded cables with
shielded connectors. Cable impedance must be matched to the requirements of SCSI devices
and cable pairs must be carefully selected for the correct SCSI signal lines. Do not waste
time and money on cheap SCSI cables!
- Alt 1 Cable - An A-cable having 50-pin male high density micro-D
connectors with spring-latch fasteners.
- Alt 2 Cable - An A-cable having 50-pin male Centronics-type
- A-Cable - A 25 pair twisted cable for NARROW SCSI having either
Centronics-type 50-pin male connector (Alt 2) or 50-pin male high-density micro-D
connector (Alt 1).
- B-Cable - A 34-pair twisted cable introduced in SCSI-2 for use with
WIDE SCSI. Required both an A-cable and a B-cable for 16-bit or 32-bit data transfers.
Never popular because of requirement for two cables. The A-cable/B-cable combination was
replaced for 16-bit WIDE SCSI by the P-cable introduced in SCSI-3. Use of WIDE SCSI
immediately began to increase.
- L-Cable - An emerging cable/connector with 110-pin high-density male
micro-D connector for use in WIDE SCSI systems up to 32-bit.
- P-Cable - In SCSI-3, the P-cable is defined for 16-bit WIDE SCSI
systems to eliminate the necessity to use two cables (an A-cable and a B-cable) for 16-bit
WIDE SCSI. Uses 34 twisted pair cable (68 wires) designed for SCSI and 68-pin high-density
male micro-D connectors with thumbscrew fasteners.
- Q-Cable - Physically and electrically identical to the P-cable.
Currently, both a P-cable and a Q-cable are specified for 32-bit WIDE SCSI buses.
- Cable lengths
- The SCSI specifications provide maximum recommended cable lengths for
various implementations of SCSI. It is further recognized that in "engineered"
installations these cable lengths may be exceeded. Maximum recommended SCSI cable lengths:
MAX CABLE LENGTH
|SINGLE ENDED - SLOW
||6 Meters / 19.7 Feet
||3 Meters* / 9.8 Feet
||1.5 Meters / 4.9 Feet
||25 Meters / 82 Feet
|LOW VOLTAGE DIFFERENTIAL - LVD
||12 Meters / 39.4 Feet
*1 Maximum cable length with eight addresses. May be
up to 3 meters with four devices.
Single-ended Cable - To put it bluntly, there is no such thing as a
"single-ended SCSI cable". Some cable manufacturers save manufacturing cost by
deleting up to 25 of the ground wires in the SCSI cable. That drastically changes cable
impedance and causes problems, particularly with FAST SCSI and/or long cables. Although
they may work over short distances (not more than four feet) they often cause errors
resulting in SCSI retries and reduced data throughput. They will not work at all on
differential SCSI. To save yourself headaches, do not use so called
"single-ended" SCSI cables.
- CAM - Common Access Method
- Proposed ANSI software interface for SCSI devices. Allows a single
device driver to be written for all SCSI controllers. Part of SCSI-3. Refer to ASPI, another SCSI software interface. Also refer to ANSI draft CAM
- CCS - Common Command Set
- In 1985, ANSI Committee X3T9.2 began work on a CCS to provide a
common software interface for all disk drives and subsequently issued a supplement to
SCSI-1. In SCSI-2, the CCS was greatly expanded to include peripheral devices other than
- Command Queuing
- Refer to Tagged Command Queuing.
- IDC header - 50 pin insulation displacement connector (IDC) used on
ribbon cables for internal SCSI cabling. Female type used on cables.
- Centronics type - SCSI Alternative 2, A-cable - This connector is a
50-pin version of the 36-pin connector used for parallel printer ports for years.
Specified in SASI and still an acceptable connector for NARROW SCSI. Male connector used
for external cables, female for external devices. Uses bail fasteners on the
device-mounted female connector to secure the male connector. Being replaced by the 50-pin
male high-density micro-D connector because of smaller footprint and more reliable
- 50-pin micro-D high-density - Also called Alternative 1, A-cable in
SCSI-2 it is replacing the SUB-D 50-pin Alternative 1 connector defined in SCSI-1. A
smaller connector than the Centronics type with pin-and-socket connections and a more
reliable connection. Specified to have spring-latch fasteners. Male connector used for
external cables, female for external devices.
- 68-pin Micro-D high-density - Used on the P-cable for 16-bit WIDE
SCSI. 68-pin version of the 50-pin micro-D high-density connector. Although the thumbscrew
fastener is specified in SCSI-3, some manufacturers have used the spring-latch fastener.
Male connector used for external cables, female for external devices.
- DB-25 - Not specified in the SCSI specifications, this 25-pin
connector can support SLOW 8-bit (NARROW) SCSI only and then only with very short cables.
Macintosh version became a de facto standard (totally incompatible with the pinout of the
old Future Domain 25-pin SCSI connector). Male connector on cable; female on devices.
- 30-pin HDI - A non-standard connector created by Apple for reduced
mounting space on their PowerBook notebooks. Not suitable for multiple SCSI devices or
long cables because there are only 30 pins.
- 60-pin high-density - A non-standard connector used by IBM. Early in
the process of writing the SCSI-2 specification, the ANSI X3T9.2 committee specified a
60-pin connector for 8-bit SCSI which was later abandoned. IBM, however retained this
connector for their PS/2 systems. It is a 60-pin high-density micro-D male connector with
spring-latch fasteners. The first 50-pin assignments are identical to the SCSI-2
high-density pinout and pins 51 to 60 are designated as "reserved".
- An electronic product designed to convert between single-ended and
differential SCSI signals. Allows placement of single-ended devices on a bus connected to
a differential host and vice versa. Properly designed converters may be used back-to-back
to extend single-ended or differential SCSI up to 61 meters (200 feet). Termed an
"expander" in SCSI-3.
- Differential SCSI
- Refers to the manner in which the SCSI cable is driven by the host
and peripheral devices. Differential SCSI drives two signal lines. The signal is the
voltage difference between the two lines. Differential drive has greater noise immunity
than single-ended, especially when used with twisted pair cable which converts noise to
common mode voltage that is more easily rejected. This greater noise immunity allows
substantially longer SCSI cables of up to 25 meters (82 feet) versus 6 meters (19.7 feet)
or less for single-ended. Maximum low voltage differential (LVD) SCSI cable length is 12
meters (39.4 ft). Differential and single-ended SCSI are not compatible on the same bus
without an electronic device such as a SCSI converter to convert between differential and
single-ended. With rare exception, no software (driver) modifications are necessary for
conversion between single-ended and differential. Differential has no requirement for
other than passive terminators.
- A signal on differential SCSI cabling (Pin 21 on NARROW and pin 16 on
WIDE) that is used as an active HIGH enable for differential drivers. If a single-ended
device is connected to the bus, this line is pulled low. This disables the differential
drivers to protect them from trying to drive signals into ground. Used by Universal
transceivers (LVD/SE) to determine if the SCSI device is connected to single-ended or
- The concept of disconnect-reconnect is what allows SCSI to be
multi-tasking or multi-threaded. Disconnect is the process of a target (or initiator)
disconnecting from the bus when it experiences a delay in completing a task so that
another device can make use of the bus. Also see "reconnect".
- Refer to Ultra SCSI
- Double WIDE SCSI
- Refers to 32-bit SCSI.
- A device to be officially introduced in an X3T10 Committee report.
Expanders are devices for doing things beyond the normal SCSI definitions that do not
require a SCSI ID. Examples of expanders are SCSI enhancement devices such as SCSI
Converters, SCSI Bus Extenders, SCSI RegeneratoRs, SCSI repeaters and SCSI switches.
- An electronic product designed to extend the distance at which
peripheral devices may be placed from the host computer system. May use standard SCSI
cables for parallel SCSI signals or fiber optic or coaxial cables for serial SCSI
transmission. Termed an "expander" in SCSI-3.
- FAST SCSI
- Defined in the SCSI-2 specifications. Increased the maximum SCSI data
throughput from 5 MBytes/second for 8-bit (NARROW) synchronous SCSI-1 to 10 Mbytes/sec.
WIDE (16-bit) SCSI synchronous speed increased from 10 Mbytes/second to 20 Mbytes/ second.
No effect on asynchronous SCSI speed.
- Refer to Ultra SCSI
- Refer to Ultra-2 SCSI
- FAST-WIDE SCSI
- Usually refers to 16-bit (WIDE) SCSI with FAST data transfers of up
to 40 MBytes/second. May also refer to 32-bit SCSI FAST data transfers (up to 80 MBytes/
- FCP - Fibre Channel Protocol
- A document that shows how to adapt the SCSI-3 protocol to Fibre
- FC-AL - Fibre Channel, Arbitrated Loop
- Refer to Fibre Channel.
- Fibre Channel
- A high-speed, high-bandwidth serial protocol for channels and
networks that interconnect over twisted-pair wires, coaxial cable or fiber optic cable.
The "fabric" topology of Fibre Channel offers up to 16 million ports with cable
lengths of up to 10 kilometers. SCSI will use the lower cost "Arbitrated Loop"
topology (FC-AL) of Fibre Channel. FC-AL using fiber optic media offers speeds of up to
100 MBytes/sec and up to 127 ports all connected in serial with up to 25 meters between
ports. Fibre Channel on copper wiring is available in several versions from 12.5
MBytes/sec with up to 100 meters of cable to 100 MBytes/sec with up to 25 meters of cable.
Does not require ID switches or terminators. The FC-AL loop may be connected to a Fibre
Channel "fabric" for connection to other nodes. SCSI on FC-AL will be expensive
and will require some changes to software as well as hardware.
- Apple's name for their implementation of IEEE 1394. Refer to High Performance Serial Bus (IEEE 1394).
- Refer to Terminator, Force Perfect Termination.
- High Performance Serial
Bus (IEEE 1394)
- Serial SCSI in SCSI-3 will include mappings for IEEE 1394 as well as
FC-AL and SSA. Designed by Apple as a serial replacement for parallel SCSI and called
"Firewire" by them. Uses three twisted pair copper cables and, like other serial
SCSI schemes has no terminators and no IDs to contend with. Logically it looks like a bus,
just like parallel SCSI. It supports isochronous transfers so it is very attractive to
time-dependent data applications such as video and audio. Currently supports transfers at
100 Megabits/second (about 10 MBytes/second) but devices are under development to increase
this to 200 or 400 Megabits/second. Cable lengths can be up to 5 meters "per
hop" with up to 63 nodes or devices. Just starting to show up in consumer electronics
such as home entertainment systems with VCR, video cameras, etc.
- Hot Plugging or Hot Swapping
- The ability to remove and replace devices from the SCSI bus. There
are four "levels" or "cases" of hot plugging. Case 4 is true hot
plugging as it requires that the bus remain running during the plugging action.
- HVD - High Voltage Differential
- Differential SCSI scheme that has been in use for years. Terminators
run on 5 VDC. See also LVD.
- The unique address of a SCSI device. 8-bit SCSI can have up to eight
IDs; 16-bit up to sixteen IDs; 32-bit up to 32 IDs. There must be a minimum of one target
and one initiator on the bus. SCSI IDs range from 0 to 7 for 8-bit, 0 to 15 for 16-bit and
0 to 31 for 32 bit systems. The host is usually assigned ID #7.
- A device that begins a SCSI transaction by issuing a command to
another device giving it a task to perform. Typically a SCSI host adapter is the initiator
but targets may also become initiators.
- Isochronous transfer
- A data transfer that is made within a specified timeframe. Very
important for time dependent information such as audio and video. IEEE 1394 offers
isochronous data transfer.
- LUN - Logical Unit Number
- A method to expand the number of devices that can be placed on one
SCSI bus domain. Logical Unit Numbers address up to eight devices at each SCSI ID.
- LVD - Low Voltage Differential
- Refer to "LVD" under
- Multi-threaded SCSI
- The ability of SCSI to initiate and complete more than one task at a
time. A result of the "intelligence" of SCSI that allows a device to disconnect
from the bus while it is performing a task, such as locating some information at a
specific address, and, once it has located the information, reconnect to the bus in order
to complete its task. Optimizes the use of the bus bandwidth. Refer to Disconnect and Reconnect.
- NARROW SCSI
- A SCSI implementation that has 8-bit data transfers. Most easily
identified by its single 50-pin connector.
- Parity checking
- A simple way of detecting errors in SCSI data that is required to be
built into all SCSI-2 devices and will be continued in future issues of SCSI. Counts the
number of 1's
in a byte of data and sets a parity bit so that the number is always odd or even. SCSI
uses odd parity. You can use parity checking only if all devices on the bus use parity
- Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks.
- The concept of disconnect-reconnect is what provides the ability of
SCSI to initiate and complete more than one task at a time. A result of the
"intelligence" of SCSI that allows an initiator or target to disconnect from the
bus while it is performing a task, such as locating some information at a specific
address, and, once it has located the information, reconnect to the bus in order to
complete its task. Optimizes use of the bus bandwidth. See also "disconnect".
- A Paralan trademarked product name for a device that accepts a given
type of SCSI input, such as WIDE differential, and outputs identical signals. Used to
multiply the maximum allowable length of SCSI cables from two to ten times depending on
the type of SCSI and the number of RegeneratoRs used. Also provides input to output signal
isolation to allow "hot swapping" of SCSI devices. Termed an
"expander" in SCSI-3.
- SASI - Shugart Associates Systems
- The predecessor to the SCSI bus. Developed by Shugart Associates in
1979. The first intelligent hard disk interface designed for smaller computers. Defined
single-ended SCSI and offered maximum data throughput of 1.5 Mbytes/second, asynchronous
and 8-bit only. Expanded by ANSI Committee X3T9.2 and released as IEEE SCSI (now called
SCSI-1) specification number X3.131-1986 in June of 1986.
- SCAM - SCSI Configured Auto-Magically.
- In combination with Intel/Microsoft's Plug-and-Play will allow users
to interconnect SCSI host adapters and peripheral devices with no need to set
configuration switches or jumpers. All configuration will be accomplished by the computer.
To be defined in SCSI-3.
- SCSI - Small Computer Systems Interface
- An intelligent peripheral I/O interface with a standard, device
independent protocol that allows many different peripheral devices to be attached to the
host's SCSI port. Allows up to 8, 16 or 32 addresses on the bus depending on the width of
the bus. Devices can include multiple hosts (initiators) and peripheral devices (targets)
but must include a minimum of one of each. See SCSI-1 X3.131-1986.
- A derivative of SASI. Specification first released by ANSI in 1986 as
X3.131-1986. Originally included synchronous and asynchronous data transfers at speeds up
to 5 Mega words per second (5 MBytes/sec for 8 bit). Defined single-ended and
differential. Did not include definitions of a device independent interface.
- The next generation of SCSI by ANSI Committee X3T9.3 and released as
specification X3.131-1994 in January of 1994. Arguably the most significant addition of
SCSI-2 is the expanded definition of the common command set (CCS). Defines 16-bit and
32-bit WIDE data bus. Increases the maximum data throughput to 10 Megawords /second (10
MBytes/ second for 8-bit; 20 Megabytes/second for 16-bit; and 40 Megabytes/second for
32-bit). Added the smaller 50-pin high-density micro-D connector. Strongly recommends
active terminators for single-ended bus. Backward compatible with SCSI-1.
- An ANSI Committee X3T10 work in progress. Will include enhancements
for parallel SCSI as well as definitions for serial SCSI to allow interface to serial
buses such as Fibre Channel, SSA and Firewire. Parallel SCSI enhancements include
UltraSCSI (also called Fast-20 and DoubleSpeed SCSI) which doubles SCSI-2 speeds to
maximum data throughput of 20 Megawords/second (20 MBytes/sec for 8-bit SCSI; 40
MBytes/sec for 16-bit SCSI; 80 MBytes/sec for 32-bit SCSI). May include Ultra-2 SCSI which
doubles these data throughputs again and requires low voltage differential (LVD) inputs.
Also defines a single cable (the P-cable) to eliminate the necessity to use two cables
(the A-cable and B-cable) for 16-bit SCSI. Expected to include SCAM. Reportedly will
include definitions for expanders including SCSI enhancement devices such as converters
and specifications on active negation terminators for single-ended devices. Will be
backward compatible with SCSI-2 as well as SCSI-1.
- SPI - The SCSI-3 Parallel Interface
- The sections of the SCSI-3 specification dealing with parallel SCSI.
- An open serial interface standard developed by IBM called Serial
Storage Architecture that has been submitted to the ANSI X3T10.1 subcommittee for approval
as an ANSI standard. Incorporates a dual port full-duplex module capable of maintaining
four conversations simultaneously for a total of up to 80 MBytes/sec. Includes multiple
signal paths for fault tolerance and provides hot plugging and automatic configuration
when nodes are added. With shielded twisted pair cable, nodes can be up to 20 meters (65.6
feet) apart. The optical fiber implementation extends this to 2.5 Km. A loop configuration
can support up to 127 nodes. Uses 9-pin miniature D-shell connectors with two twisted wire
pairs. Requires modified system firmware when interfacing to SCSI. Mapping for SSA will be
included in SCSI-3.
- Single-ended SCSI
- Refers to the manner in which the SCSI cable is driven by the host
and peripheral devices. Single-ended SCSI drives one signal line against ground.
Susceptibility to noise limits the maximum allowable cable lengths. SLOW SCSI (up to 5
Megawords/second) cables may be up to 6 meters (19.7 feet) long; FAST SCSI (up to 10
Megawords/second) cables up to 3 meters (9.8 feet) long; and UltraSCSI (up to 20
Megawords/ second) cables up to 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) long. Single-ended and differential
SCSI are not compatible on the same bus without an electronic device such as a SCSI
converter to convert between single-ended and differential. With rare exception, no
software (driver) modifications are necessary for conversion between single-ended and
differential. There are several variations of terminators developed for use with
single-ended SCSI (refer to Terminators).
- SLOW SCSI
- SCSI systems with up to 5 Megawords/second maximum synchronous data
- An unterminated SCSI bus segment branching off the main SCSI bus. The
SCSI specification dictates that a stub is to be no longer than 0.1 meters (4 inches) for
single-ended SCSI and no longer than 0.2 meters (8 inches) for differential SCSI. Stubs
cause lots of difficult-to-trace problems. Stubs are unavoidable but keep them to a
minimum and remember that SCSI devices have stubs that cannot be removed (the PC board
traces from the connector on a disk drive to its electronic circuitry are stubs).
- Synchronous (SYNC) transfer
- A method of transferring data that does not require that the bus wait
for a REQ-ACK handshake for each byte of data. Instead, the target is allowed to send a
number of REQ pulses without waiting for return ACK pulses. This number of REQ pulses is
called the "offset". Offset is the maximum number of unanswered REQ pulses that
can exist at a given time and may be any number although it is normally something like 8.
Offset eliminates the requirement to wait for an ACK for every REQ and avoids the effect
of propagation delay in the SCSI cable. The result is a more efficient utilization of the
SCSI bus bandwidth and gives a maximum data transfer rate of 5 Megawords/second for SCSI-1
NARROW, 10 Megawords/second for FAST SCSI and 20 Megawords/second for UltraSCSI. All SCSI
bus negotiations, even on a synchronous SCSI bus, are carried on asynchronously. On a
synchronous SCSI bus, only the actual data transfers are accomplished synchronously.
- Tagged Command Queuing
- A SCSI-2 feature that is used when the initiator wants to send
multiple commands to the same SCSI address or LUN. Tagged queues allow the target to store
up to 256 commands per initiator. Without tagged queues, targets could support only one
command per LUN for each initiator on the bus. Per the SCSI-2 specification, tagged queue
support by targets is optional.
- A SCSI device that executes a command from an initiator to perform a
task. Typically a SCSI peripheral device is the target but a host adapter may, in some
cases, be a target.
- Term power
- The voltage (+5 VDC) placed on the TERMPWR line(s) of the SCSI bus
used to power terminators. SCSI requires that the host adapter provide term power. Many
peripheral devices are also capable of providing term power. Having more than one device
on the bus providing term power does no harm and is often desirable to reduce problems of
voltage "droop" caused by IR losses in long SCSI cables. LVD requires a 3.3 VDC
TERMPOWER instead of 5 VDC.
- Terminator (Terminations)
- Electrical circuitry at the end of a cable to prevent the reflection
of electrical signals when they reach the end of the cable. In SCSI systems, this
electrical circuitry is called a terminator. It should be noted that any SCSI bus segment
requires two terminators and only two terminators. Not one, not three, but two
terminators. Also, the terminators must be installed at the very ends of the SCSI cable,
not at devices in the middle of the bus. Terminators require power that is usually
provided by the host adapter on the TERMPWR line(s) on the bus. Many SCSI devices power
their own terminators. There are five basic types of SCSI termination: Active, active
negation, FPT, LVD (including LVD/SE) and passive.
- Active - Termed "Alternative 2" in SCSI-2 - Because
fluctuations in the TERMPWR voltage supplied to passive terminators shows up as
fluctuations in signal levels, active terminators include a voltage regulator to reduce
the effect of fluctuations in TERMPWR to insignificance. Uses only a 110 ohm resistor from
the regulator to the signal line which is a much closer match to the SCSI cable impedance.
Results in more stable SCSI signals, less signal reflection and fewer data errors.
- Active negation - A method of providing single-ended termination that
uses voltages to drive the bus signal not just high as in active termination, but high and
low. Results in faster switching which is necessary for FAST and Ultra-SCSI speeds.
- Force Perfect Termination (FPT) - Single-ended termination method
utilizing diode switching and biasing to actively compensate for impedance mismatches
between the SCSI cabling and the peripheral device. You should be aware that there are
several designs of FPT that may not be totally compatible. Also, our customers have found
that, generally speaking, FPT likes to "talk" only to FPT.
- HVD - High Voltage Differential - Differential SCSI scheme that has
been in use for years. Terminators run of 5 VDC. See also LVD.
- LVD - Low Voltage Differential - A method of driving SCSI cables that
will be formalized in the SCSI-3 specifications. Lower power consumption than the current
differential drive (HVD), is less expensive and will allow the higher speeds of Ultra-2
SCSI. Requires 3.3 VDC instead of 5 VDC for HVD.
- LVD/SE - LVD that uses "Universal" transceivers. Depending
on the voltage level appearing on the DIFFSENSE pin of the cable, the Universal
transceivers of LVD/SE will be automatically configured for LVD or single-ended (SE). Most
new SCSI designs will include Universal transceivers.
- Passive - Termed "Alternative 1" in SCSI-2 - The simplest
form of terminator consisting of a 220 ohm resistor from TERMPWR to the signal line and a
330 ohm resistor from the signal line to ground. Low cost but has the disadvantage that
any fluctuations in the TERMPWR voltage will show up on the signal lines of the bus which
may cause data errors. SCSI-2 recommends the use of active terminators whenever possible
for single-ended SCSI. Differential SCSI uses only passive terminators.
- Universal - See LVD/SE.
- Ultra SCSI
- A proposed enhancement of SCSI that results in doubling the FAST SCSI
data throughput speeds to 20 MBytes/sec for 8-bit and 40 MBytes/sec for 16-bit. Reduces
maximum allowable single-ended SCSI cable length to 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) for eight
addresses and 3 meters (9.8 feet) for four addresses. Maximum allowable differential SCSI
cable length is 25 meters (82 feet). The official definition of UltraSCSI will be released
when the SCSI-3 specification is released.
- Ultra/Wide SCSI
- This is a 16-bit implementation of Ultra SCSI which has a data
thourghput of 40 MBytes/sec. It is a combination of the Ultra and Wide SCSI standaard.
- Ultra-2 SCSI
- A proposed enhancement of SCSI that results in doubling the UltraSCSI
data throughput speeds to 40 MBytes/sec for 8-bit and 80 MBytes/sec for 16-bit. Requires
LVD. The SCSI specification will recognize only differential Ultra-2 SCSI. Maximum
allowable Ultra-2 cable length is 12 meters (39.4 feet).
- WIDE SCSI
- A SCSI implementation that has 16-bit data transfers. Most easily
identified by its single 68-pin connector. May also refer to 32-bit SCSI data transfers
but 32-bit WIDE SCSI is not yet commonly encountered.
- (formerly X3T9.3) - The name of the ANSI Committee assigned to the
task of writing the SCSI specifications.
Note:This glossary is of practical definitions and is not
exhaustive. It includes definitions of SCSI terms you are likely to encounter that relate
to SCSI products. The definitions given are not necessarily those of the ANSI Standards
Committee. Because it is meant to be a glossary of SCSI terms that you are likely to
encounter today but may not know the definition of, it does not necessarily contain
standard electrical/electronic definitions such as "impedance". Refer to the
latest IEEE release of the SCSI specifications X3.131-199X for formal definitions of SCSI